PHP 7.1.0 Released

imageftbbox

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.7, PHP 5, PHP 7)

imageftbboxGive the bounding box of a text using fonts via freetype2

Descrierea

array imageftbbox ( float $size , float $angle , string $fontfile , string $text [, array $extrainfo ] )

This function calculates and returns the bounding box in pixels for a FreeType text.

Parametri

size

Dimensiunea font-ului. În dependență de versiunea GD, aceasta trebuie specificată în unități de pixeli (GD1) sau în unități de puncte (GD2).

angle

Angle in degrees in which text will be measured.

fontfile

The name of the TrueType font file (can be a URL). Depending on which version of the GD library that PHP is using, it may attempt to search for files that do not begin with a leading '/' by appending '.ttf' to the filename and searching along a library-defined font path.

text

The string to be measured.

extrainfo

Possible array indexes for extrainfo
Key Type Meaning
linespacing float Defines drawing linespacing

Valorile întoarse

imageftbbox() returns an array with 8 elements representing four points making the bounding box of the text:

0 lower left corner, X position
1 lower left corner, Y position
2 lower right corner, X position
3 lower right corner, Y position
4 upper right corner, X position
5 upper right corner, Y position
6 upper left corner, X position
7 upper left corner, Y position

The points are relative to the text regardless of the angle, so "upper left" means in the top left-hand corner seeing the text horizontally.

Exemple

Example #1 imageftbbox() example

<?php
// Create a 300x150 image
$im imagecreatetruecolor(300150);
$black imagecolorallocate($im000);
$white imagecolorallocate($im255255255);

// Set the background to be white
imagefilledrectangle($im00299299$white);

// Path to our font file
$font './arial.ttf';

// First we create our bounding box
$bbox imageftbbox(100$font'The PHP Documentation Group');

// This is our cordinates for X and Y
$x $bbox[0] + (imagesx($im) / 2) - ($bbox[4] / 2) - 5;
$y $bbox[1] + (imagesy($im) / 2) - ($bbox[5] / 2) - 5;

imagefttext($im100$x$y$black$font'The PHP Documentation Group');

// Output to browser
header('Content-Type: image/png');

imagepng($im);
imagedestroy($im);
?>

Note

Notă: Această funcție este disponibilă numai dacă PHP este compilat cu susținerea freetype (--with-freetype-dir=DIR )

A se vedea și

  • imagefttext() - Write text to the image using fonts using FreeType 2
  • imagettfbbox() - Give the bounding box of a text using TrueType fonts

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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

up
1
phpimageftbbox at juggernaut dot com dot au
14 years ago
This function can be used to generate right-aligned text. Just work out how wide the text image is and position it accordingly. Example:

$i_width  = 200;
$i_height = 40;

$string = "Hello World!";
$pointsize = 10;
$fontfile = "/usr/local/lib/ttf/Helve.ttf";

$im = imagecreate($i_width, $i_height);
$black = imagecolorallocate ($im, 0, 0, 0);
$white = imagecolorallocate ($im, 255, 255, 255);

$string_size = ImageFtBbox($pointsize, 0, $fontfile, $string, array("linespacing" => 1));
$s_width  = $string_size[4];
$s_height = $string_size[5];

ImageFtText($im, $pointsize, 0, $i_width - $s_width - 1,  0 - $s_height, $white, $fontfile, $string, array("linespacing" => 1));

Header ("Content-type: image/png");
ImagePNG ($im);
ImageDestroy ($im);
up
0
theo v e -2
10 years ago
ah... the problem between imageftbbox() and imagefttext() lies in the mirroring of the y-axes.
Below you see, for a font-size 16 the boudingboxes of "b", "p" and "bp":
< b: w=9 h=15
b(0,-1)
b(9,-1)
b(9,-16)
b(0,-16)
< p: w=9 h=16
p(0,4)
p(9,4)
p(9,-12)
p(0,-12)
< bp: w=20 h=20
bp(0,4)
bp(20,4)
bp(20,-16)
bp(0,-16)
If drawing "bp" using imagefttext() at y=0, the the top of "bp" indeed is at y=-16, and the bottom of "bp" at y=4. (Plus or minus a pixel here and there, because at y=0 there actually is a vissible pixel.)
up
0
fernando
11 years ago
imagettfbbox() returns an array with 8 elements representing four points making the bounding box of the text:

0 lower left corner, X position
1 lower left corner, Y position
2 lower right corner, X position
3 lower right corner, Y position
4 upper right corner, X position
5 upper right corner, Y position
6 upper left corner, X position
7 upper left corner, Y position

The points are relative to the text regardless of the angle, so "upper left" means in the top left-hand corner seeing the text horizontally.
up
0
groomed at users dot sf dot net
12 years ago
ImageFTBBox returns a bounding box, not metrics, as some (most?) of the notes above seem to assume. The 8 values it returns specify the 4 corners of this bounding box. So to properly determine the width and height of a string you need to do:

$bbox = ImageFTBBox(...);
$width = abs($bbox[0]) + abs($bbox[2]); // distance from left to right
$height = abs($bbox[1]) + abs($bbox[5]); // distance from top to bottom
up
0
sectionthirty1 at yahoo dot com
12 years ago
Here is a handy example I used to center "dynamic text" onto an image. 

Ex. Say you want to center a clients IP Address onto a picture. 

$ip=$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];   

$details = imageftbbox($fontsize, 0, $font, $ip, array("linespacing" => 1));

$xcoord = ($imgwidth - $details[4]) / 2;  // this will return the x coordinate centered to your specific image.  Make sure  you set $imgwidth to the width of the image you are using.     

imagettftext($image, $fontsize, 0, $xcoord, $ycoord, $fontcolor, $font, $ip);
up
-1
ta at NOSPAM dot magicsquare dot info
14 years ago
i've found a work around for this situation

it seems that height is directly proportional to line spacing so you just have to apply the same factor to image height

for example :

$spacing = 0.7;
$params = array("linespacing" => $spacing);

$box = imageftbbox ($size, 0, $font, $text, $params);
$tw=$box[4]-$box[0]; //image width
$th=($box[1]-$box[5])*$spacing; //image height
up
-3
Johan
9 years ago
For alignment i used this method:

if($align == "center" || $align == "right")
    {
        $verticaltxtspace = $backwidth - (2 * $posx);       
        $spacepositions = imagettfbbox($size, $angle, "fonts/verdanaz.ttf", " ");        
        $spacepx = $spacepositions[4] - $spacepositions[0];       
       
        // Split text in lines
        $lines = split("[\r][\n]", $text);       
        for($count = 0; $count < count($lines); $count++)
        {
            $textpositions = imagettfbbox($size, $angle, "fonts/verdanaz.ttf", $lines[$count]);           
            $textpx = $textpositions[2] - $textpositions[0];
           
            if($align == "right")
            {
                $spaces = ($verticaltxtspace - $textpx) / $spacepx;
            }
            else if($align == "center")
            {
                $spaces = (($verticaltxtspace - $textpx)/2) / $spacepx;
            }
           
            // Add spaces
            $line = $lines[$count];
            for($i = 0; $i < $spaces; $i++)
            {
                $line = " " . $line;
            }
            $lines[$count] = $line;
        }
       
        // Create new text of lines
        $text = "";
        for($count = 0; $count < count($lines); $count++)
        {
            $text .= $lines[$count] . "\r\n";
        }       
    }
   
       
    //    Draw the shadow text on de shadow
    imagettftext($background, $size, $angle, $posx, $posy, $textcolor, "fonts/verdanaz.ttf",  $text);
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